Blagoveschensky (Annunciation) Cathedral is the largest building in the Kazan Kremlin. Moreover, it is the oldest surviving monument of Kazan Orthodox history and culture.
Initially, The Annunciation Cathedral was a classic cross-domed church with five apses and two side-chapels. The Southern Chapel was consecrated in honor of the Orthodox Boris and Gleb, while the Northern one was consecrated in honor of the the Orthodox Peter and Fevronia. The primary sacred object of the cathedral, which is preserved to this day, is the reliquary containing the relics of the Kazan Primate Gury, who governed the Kazan diocese when the walls were erected. The majestic Cathedral keeps famous personages and historians who considered it honorable to visit. Among those are the Emperor Peter I, Paul I, Nicholas I, Catherine II, Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Radishchev, and Sergei Rachmaninoff. The renowned opera singer Feodor Chaliapin repeatedly sang in the cathedral choir. On the block pavement near the Annunciation Cathedral, a hearth in the form of a semicircle was laid, where a five-tiered bell tower stood until 1920. Twice per year a religious procession from the Annunciation Cathedral to the acquisition point of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God takes place.
The Annunciation Cathedral was built between 1561 – 1562 by Pskov masters headed by Postnik Yakovlev and Ivan Shiryaev, at the behest of Ivan IV, also known as Ivan the Terrible. For a long time the cathedral was the center of spiritual and cultural life in the Volga region and, at the same time, the necropolis for many Kazan archbishops. It has been burned many times, restored repeatedly, and rebuilt three times. In the late 1920s, the bell tower and the covered west porch were demolished. Now the appearance of the Annunciation Cathedral, except for the bell tower, is almost recreated. It was consecrated once more on July 19, 2005.
Bus: Take number 6, 15, 29, 35, 35a, 37, 47, 74, 74a, or 75 until the stop named Tsentralny Stadion (Central Stadium)
Trolleybus: Take number 2 or 10 until the stop named Tsentralny Stadion (Central Stadium)
Metro: Arrive at the Kremlevskaya (Kremlin) station