It is impossible to come to Kazan and miss the Kremlin. It majestically stands on a hill which, according to legend, was once home to the fire-breathing Zilant dragon, guarding the underground kingdom. Today, the Kremlin complex spanning across 150 thousand square metres, houses the residence of the President of the Republic, various administration buildings and the "Kazan Kremlin" Reserve Museum among others. In 2000, this architectural and historical site was added to the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage sites of UNESCO. The complex of the Kazan Kremlin also contains a fortified quarter (from 10th-16th centuries), a stone-brick Kremlin (from 16th-18th centuries), architectural constructions (from 16th-19th centuries), and a complex of defense structures across eight towers (from 16th-18th centuries). In the pre-Mongolian period until the 13th century, the Kazan Kremlin was a military-trade quarter on the northern border of the Volga Bolgar. From the second half of the 13th century to the first half of the 15th century, the Kremlin became the centre of the Kazan principality as part of the "Zolotaya Orda" ("Golden Horde"). After the capture of Kazan in 1552 by the Russian troops of Ivan the Terrible, it became the administrative and military centre of the Volga region. From 1708, the Kremlin was considred the centre of the Kazan province, from 1922 – the centre of the Tatar Autonomous Republic, and also since 1992 - the state centre of the Republic of Tatarstan within the Russian Federation.
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